The M_zebra_UMD2a assembly was submitted by Broad Institute on April 2018. The assembly is on chromosome level, consisting of 2,331 contigs assembled into 1,690 scaffolds. From these sequences, 22 chromosomes have been built. The N50 size is the length such that 50% of the assembled genome lies in blocks of the N50 size or longer. The N50 length for the contigs is 1,407,748 while the scaffold N50 is 32,660,920.
The zebra mbuna (Maylandia zebra) is a species of cichlid endemic to Lake Malawi in Africa. This species can reach a length of 11.3 cm (4.4 in). It feeds on aufwuchs, a surface layer of mostly algal material that grows on rocks. This cichlid is a mouthbrooder and the female broods the eggs in her mouth for about three weeks. This fish can sometimes be found in the aquarium trade.
The gene annotation process was carried out using a combination of protein-to-genome alignments, annotation mapping from a suitable reference species and RNA-seq alignments (where RNA-seq data with appropriate meta data were publicly available). For each candidate gene region, a selection process was applied to choose the most appropriate set of transcripts based on evolutionary distance, experimental evidence for the source data and quality of the alignments. Small ncRNAs were obtained using a combination of BLAST and Infernal/RNAfold. Pseudogenes were calculated by looking at genes with a large percentage of non-biological introns (introns of <10bp), where the gene was covered in repeats, or where the gene was single exon and evidence of a functional multi-exon paralog was found elsewhere in the genome. lincRNAs were generated via RNA-seq data where no evidence of protein homology or protein domains could be found in the transcript.
In accordance with the Fort Lauderdale Agreement, please check the publication status of the genome/assembly before publishing any genome-wide analyses using these data.
General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.
|Assembly||M_zebra_UMD2a, INSDC Assembly GCA_000238955.5, Apr 2018|
|Golden Path Length||957,485,262|
|Annotation method||Full genebuild|
|Genebuild started||May 2018|
|Genebuild released||Jul 2018|
|Genebuild last updated/patched||Jul 2018|
|Non coding genes||1,386|
|Small non coding genes||1,324|
|Long non coding genes||3|
|Misc non coding genes||59|
|Genscan gene predictions||45,513|