The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to Australia. It is the only extant representative of the family Phascolarctidae and its closest living relatives are the wombats, which comprise the family Vombatidae.
Koalas typically inhabit open eucalypt woodlands, and the leaves of these trees make up most of their diet. Because this diet has limited nutritional and caloric content, koalas are largely sedentary and sleep up to 20 hours a day.
The phaCin_unsw_v4.1 assembly was submitted by The Earlham Institute on April 2017. The assembly is on contig level, consisting of 1,907 contigs assembled into 1,907 scaffolds. The N50 size is the length such that 50% of the assembled genome lies in blocks of the N50 size or longer. The N50 length for the contigs is 11,587,828 while the scaffold N50 is 11,587,828.
The gene annotation process was carried out using a combination of protein-to-genome alignments, annotation mapping from a suitable reference species and RNA-seq alignments (where RNA-seq data with appropriate meta data were publicly available). For each candidate gene region, a selection process was applied to choose the most appropriate set of transcripts based on evolutionary distance, experimental evidence for the source data and quality of the alignments.Small ncRNAs were obtained using a combination of BLAST and Infernal/RNAfold. Pseudogenes were calculated by looking at genes with a large percentage of non-biological introns (introns of <10bp), where the gene was covered in repeats, or where the gene was single exon and evidence of a functional multi-exon paralog was found elsewhere in the genome. lincRNAs were generated via RNA-seq data where no evidence of protein homology or protein domains could be found in the transcript.
In accordance with the Fort Lauderdale Agreement, please check the publication status of the genome/assembly before publishing any genome-wide analyses using these data.
General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.
|Assembly||phaCin_unsw_v4.1, INSDC Assembly GCA_002099425.1, Apr 2017|
|Golden Path Length||3,192,581,492|
|Annotation method||Full genebuild|
|Genebuild started||Nov 2018|
|Genebuild released||Dec 2018|
|Genebuild last updated/patched||Apr 2019|
|Non coding genes||5,133|
|Small non coding genes||1,369|
|Long non coding genes||2,993|
|Misc non coding genes||771|
|Genscan gene predictions||45,447|