Ensembl mobile site help

Things to know when navigating the Ensembl mobile site

Search box

Use the search box at the top right of all Ensembl views to search for a gene, phenotype, sequence variant, and more.

Top navigation

Touch MENU button to open the main menu and touch again to close.

Touch MENU

Left hand side menu

Touch the left menu icon () or swipe right to open the side menu and touch anywhere outside the menu or touch the cross icon or swipe left to close.

The ? icon

Touch the icon to get help

And don't forget to send us your comments using the feedback link inside the main menu.

EnsemblEnsembl Home

Bonobo assembly and gene annotation

Assembly

The panpan1.1 assembly was submitted by Max-Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology on 2015/08/18 . The assembly is on the Chromosome level, consisting of 121,356 assembled into 10,984 scaffolds. The N50 size is the length such that 50% of the assembled genome lies in blocks of the N50 size or longer. The N50 length for the contigs is 66,676 while the scaffold N50 is 8,197,324.

The genome assembly represented here corresponds to GenBank Assembly ID GCA_000258655.2

Gene annotation

The bonobo (Pan paniscus), formerly called the pygmy chimpanzee and less often, the dwarf or gracile chimpanzee, is an endangered great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan; the other is Pan troglodytes, or the common chimpanzee. Although the name "chimpanzee" is sometimes used to refer to both species together, it is usually understood as referring to the common chimpanzee, whereas Pan paniscus is usually referred to as the bonobo.

The gene annotation process was carried out using a combination of protein-to-genome alignments, annotation mapping from a suitable reference species and RNA-seq alignments (where RNA-seq data with appropriate meta data were publicly available). For each candidate gene region, a selection process was applied to choose the most appropriate set of transcripts based on evolutionary distance, experimental evidence for the source data and quality of the alignments. Small ncRNAs were obtained using a combination of BLAST and Infernal/RNAfold. Pseudogenes were calculated by looking at genes with a large percentage of non-biological introns (introns of <10bp), where the gene was covered in repeats, or where the gene was single exon and evidence of a functional multi-exon paralog was found elsewhere in the genome.

In accordance with the Fort Lauderdale Agreement , please check the publication status of the genome/assembly before publishing any genome-wide analyses using these data.

More information

General information about this species can be found in Wikipedia.

Statistics

Summary

Assemblypanpan1.1, INSDC Assembly GCA_000258655.2, Aug 2015
Base Pairs2,725,937,399
Golden Path Length3,286,643,896
Annotation providerEnsembl
Annotation methodFull genebuild
Genebuild startedAug 2017
Genebuild releasedDec 2017
Genebuild last updated/patchedJan 2018
Database version94.1

Gene counts

Coding genes21,210
Non coding genes8,499
Small non coding genes4,998
Long non coding genes1,497
Misc non coding genes2,004
Pseudogenes549
Gene transcripts53,360

Other

Genscan gene predictions44,965

About this species